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Hughes Peynado Agreement

By on December 10, 2020 in Uncategorized

Two days after the Battle of Guayacanas, the Marines visited the fortress of Arias in Santiago de los Caballeros on 3 July. [9] However, a military encounter was averted when Arias reached an agreement with Capteron to end the resistance. [10] Three days after Arias left the country,[3] the other occupying forces disembarked and took control of the country within two months[3] and on November 29, the United States imposed a military government led by Captain (then Rear Admiral) Harry Shepard Knapp, commander of the cruise force aboard its flagship USS (which still exists today in Philadelphia). Pennsylvania, USA). [11] The arrival of Dominican negotiator Francisco Peynado in Washington in March 1922 led to the Hughes Peynado agreement. After a year of stalled negotiations, Foreign Minister Charles Evans Hughes was more inclined to seek compromises, while Peynado sympathized with Dominican nationalists, but tried to get what he thought was possible. Nevertheless, Dominican nationalists strongly criticized the Peynaldo-Hughes agreement. President Harding sent Welles to the Dominican Republic and Welles set up a commission of representatives to amend the plan set out in the Peynaldo-Hughes agreement. On 23 September 1922, the Commission announced a final draft plan. At that time, Dominican public opinion in general had moved to support the Peynaldo-Hughes agreement, and the Dominicans felt that the withdrawal of the United States was inevitable. After World War I, American public opinion began to run against the occupation. [3] Warren G.

Harding, who followed Wilson in March 1921, had opposed the occupations of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. [3] In June 1921, U.S. officials submitted a proposal for withdrawal known as the Harding Plan and Dominican ratification of all military government deeds, approval of a $2.5 million loan for public works and other expenses, adoption of U.S. constabulary officers – now the National Guard (Guardia Nacional) – and the organization of elections under U.S. supervision. Public reactions to this plan have been largely negative. [3] However, moderate Dominican leaders used the plan as a basis for further negotiations that resulted in an agreement between U.S. Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes and Dominican Ambassador to the United States Francisco J. Peynado on June 30, 1922,[16] which allowed the election of a provisional president capable of governing until the elections were held. [3] Under the leadership of High Commissioner Sumner Welles, Juan Bautista Vicini Burgos assumed the interim presidency on 21 October 1922.

[3] In the presidential elections of March 15, 1924, the American ally Horacio Vesquez Lajara, who worked with the U.S. government, defeated Peynado.

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