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Wto Agreement On Sanitary And Phytosanitary Measures

By on December 21, 2020 in Uncategorized

What are the sanitary and plant health measures? Does the SPS agreement include measures taken by countries to protect the environment? Consumer interests? Animal welfare? The WTO secretariat has prepared this text to promote public understanding of the SPS agreement. There are no plans to provide for a legal interpretation of the agreement. Once a country decides on its acceptable level of risk, there are often a number of alternative measures that can be used to achieve this (treatment. B, quarantine or enhanced inspection). When selecting these alternatives, the SPS agreement requires a government to use measures that are no more restrictive than those necessary to achieve its health protection objectives, where these measures are technically and economically feasible. For example, an import ban could be a way to reduce the risk of importing an exotic pest if the need for product processing could also reduce the risk to the level deemed acceptable by the government, but it would normally be a less commercialized requirement. Agricultural exporters in all countries benefit from the removal of unjustified barriers to their products. The SPS agreement reduces uncertainty about terms of sale to a given market. Efforts to produce safe food for another market should not be thwarted by provisions adopted for protectionist purposes under the guise of sanitary measures. 1 In this agreement, the reference to Article XX point b) also includes the chapter of this article. (Return to text) 2 For the purposes of Article 3, paragraph 3, a scientific justification is available when a member finds, on the basis of a review and evaluation of the available scientific information, in accordance with the relevant provisions of this agreement, that the relevant international standards, guidelines or recommendations are not sufficient to achieve its appropriate level of health or plant health protection. (Back to text) 3 For the purposes of Article 5, paragraph 6, a measure is no more restrictive than necessary for trade, unless there is another reasonably available measure, given the technical and economic feasibility, which reaches the appropriate level of health or plant health protection and is significantly less trade-restrictive.

(return to text) 4 For the purposes of these definitions, the animal includes fish and wildlife; The plant includes forests and wild flora; Parasites are weeds; and contaminants are residues of pesticides and veterinary drugs and foreign substances. (Back to the text) 5 Health and plant health measures such as laws, regulations or regulations that are of general application.

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